Beliefs about medicines questionnaire (BMQ) Horne, Weinman, Hankins, () Psychology and Health, 14, BMQ –Specific. Your views about medicines. This paper presents a novel method for assessing cognitive representations of medication: the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ). The BMQ-Specific assesses representations of medication prescribed for personal use and the BMQ-General assesses beliefs about medicines in general.

Author: Fehn Mautaxe
Country: Switzerland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Medical
Published (Last): 3 June 2008
Pages: 382
PDF File Size: 13.12 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.76 Mb
ISBN: 469-8-81529-509-1
Downloads: 34864
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Negor

Medication beliefs and antihypertensive adherence among older adults: To further confirm factor loading, PCA was then carried out on the items in each sub-scale in order to verify that the items in each sub-scale were loading on one component.

Conforming to the rules governing Maltese writing is important since it respects the general feeling of the people — errors in Maltese are often regarded as denigrating the language in the Maltese Islands Final report translation and validation The explanation of the process undertaken to effectively translate the BMQ into the Maltese language is presented in the results and discussion section under the section BMQ. Factor loadings include 0. This was based on the sample sizes used by Horne et al.

Evaluacion de las creencias sobre el tratamiento: The forward translation was discussed and revised for better harmonisation of concepts in the instrument, with the intention of capturing the conceptual meaning of the items.

The questionnaire was collected and checked on completion. Internal consistency and reliability for these sub-scales were also comparable to the other studies with the closest values being those reported in the Greek version used to study patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

BMQ – Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire

In Malta, natural remedies – also referred to as complementary alternative medication CAMare relatively novel and more likely to appeal to a younger generation in Malta. I sometimes worry about becoming too dependent on my medicines. Support Center Support Center. Reason for this low internal consistency remains unclear. The final solution for Principal Component Analysis yielded a four-factor structure representing the 4 sub-scales of the BMQ, with results being comparable to previous studies out in different languages.


aabout The sub-scales in mediines French version also demonstrated good internal consistency with alpha values in the range of 0. Table 3 Cronbach alpha values obtained for different chronic illness groups within the Maltese population.

Both items G4 and G3 loaded on two components, component 1 overuse and component 4 concernswith G4 having a higher loading on component 4. Participants were informed that the study was on a voluntary basis, that all information would be kept confidential, and that the information would only be handled by the principal investigator and would not be accessible to the hospital staff.

It was clear at this point that G4 was the item that was mostly inconsistent with the rest of the items on the general mexicines scale. Beliefs about health and illness in questionnxire managed for gestational diabetes in two organisations. Back translation The Maltese version was back translated to English by a certified translator who had no access to the original version of the BMQ, since reversibility is crucial to equivalence.

Principal component analysis with Varimax rotation confirmed the original four factor structure Table 6 and Table 7 explaining This was done for both the General and Specific sub-scales. Table 9 Comparisons of Internal consistency alpha values obtained in the Maltese study with the original questionnakre others published in different languages.

The same reasoning was applied for this study. The principal investigator was present during the filling of the questionnaire. Forward translation Bjq independent forward translation msdicines carried out using Maltese fonts by the principal investigator. Internal consistency values for the German study 7 and the Spanish studies 910 were all above 0.

She explained that this was not a test, that there were no correct or incorrect answers. The development and evaluation of a new method for assessing the cognitive representation of medication.

Therefore, patients with different levels of education should be targeted differently when counselling patients about their medicines. A total of patients were approached in order to recruit the necessary patients per chronic illness group. The principle aim of this study was therefore, to produce a culturally and contextually appropriate version of the BMQ in the Maltese language and to assess its psychometric properties.


SPSS for Windows step by step: Sampling strategy Patients were recruited through the outpatient clinics, of the main general hospital, in Malta, between July and September Medicines are vital components which are needed to maintain and improve health, however, they may still be perceived as unsafe, expensive, and unavailable, and on most occasions, are not taken properly.

This could be indicative of the item being relatively unstable in the overuse scale. Open in a separate window. This editing process was needed to create a Maltese text which is maximally suitable for the intended patients. Thus, alpha was recalculated first by eliminating G8 from the scale, then by eliminating G4 from the scale in order to see the differences between both responses.

During the analysis of alpha, items G4 Natural remedies are safer than medicines and G8 If doctors had more time with patients they would prescribe fewer medicines resulted in unexpectedly lower values. Understanding internal consistency reliability estimates: By convention, acceptable internal consistency is proven by obtaining values of alpha that are over 0.

Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)

Developer of BMQ Horne et al. The General-Harm sub-scale assesses beliefs about how harmful medicines are and the General-Overuse sub-scale addresses the concept of over-prescription of medication by doctors who place too much trust in them. At this stage, a potential modification was considered on the overuse scale, where G4 would be eliminated from the scale.