INTOXICACION POR CAUSTICOS EN PEDIATRIA PDF

Las consultas por posible intoxicación han descendido entre y ( frente a , Los álcalis-cáusticos constituyen la IPH más frecuente, aunque su número se ha reducido (48 en y 18 en ). Urgencias de pediatría. Introdução: A ingestão de substâncias cáusticas, voluntária ou acidental, pode resultar em lesões graves do Mencías E. Intoxicación por cáusticos. Protocolos de gastrenterologia de a Asociación Española de Pediatria 01/ 04/ pediatras en formación y su presencia en el Congreso de. Salamanca salvo en los casos de intoxicación digitálica, por lo que no precisan.

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Long term results of endoscopic dilatation for treatment of corrosive oesophageal strictures.

Outcome and Prognostic Value of early upper endoscopy. Kochnar Intoxicacipn, et al. Handbook of Medical Toxicology. Endoscopic grading of caustic lesions has therapeutic and prognostic implications.

Corrosive injury to upper gastrointestinal tract: Ingestion of strong corrosive alkalis: Casasnovas A, Martin F. Clin Otolaryngol ; 20 3: The clinical features of caustic ingestion vary widely and may not correlate with the severity of injury. Management of these patients is controversial as far as the best endoscopic and intensive care approach.

J Clin Gastroenterol ; Risk factors for stricture development after caustic ingestion. Poisoning by household products including soap, detergents, cosmetics, hydrocarbon products, anilines, naphtaline, and hydrogen peroxide is reviwed.

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Intoxicación en niños: Metahemoglobinemia

Given the broad scope of the issue and the impossibility of covering prdiatria of pediatric toxicology, this article describes its epidemiology pr our milieu and some considerations are made with respect to dealing with the most pediagria or characteristic poisonings involving children. What is the utility of selected clinical and endoscopic parameters in predicting the risc of death after caustic ingestion? Shaffer R, et al. In the second place in order of frequency we find products of household use, although their importance in pediatric toxicology rests basically on the fact that some of these products, such as cosmetics, can result in accidental ingestion, almost exclusively involving children.

Caustic Injury to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. Prediction of complications following caustic ingestion in adults. With respect to its epidemiology, the first cause of pediatric poisoning are medicines, with paracetamol outstanding as the most frequent cause of poisoning. Review of epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, evaluation and therapy of caustic lesions and establishment of a protocol.

Poisonings during childhood account for 0.

Freitas 2J. Med Clin Barc ; Anales Sis San Navarra ; 26 1: Hepatogastroenterology ; 51 Santos 1E.

Intralesional steroids augment the effects of endoscopic dilation in corrosive esophageal strictures. Pires 1L. There are still some controversies regarding therapy; total parenteral feeding and corticotherapy are not recommended, except in selected cases.

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World Journal of Gastroenterology ;12 Ertekin C, et al. Dis Esoph ; Treatment of caustic ingestion: Caustic ingestion has a significant morbidity and mortality; the best initial approach is still controversial which should be the aim of future additional studies. Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Still a major surgical dilemma. For an adequate evaluation and treatment of these patients, it would be helpful to have recommended protocols. A brief commentary is given on the treatment of paracetamol poisoning, above all in children under seven years of age, and the ingestion of caustic substances.

Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; 4: Como citar este artigo.

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Gastrointestinal endoscopy ; 41 3: Como citar este artigo. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology ; 37 2: Poisonings; Treatment; Children; Household cleaning products; Methaemoglobinaemia. Ingestion of Caustic Substances by Adults.

Gastroint endosc ; 60 3: Foreign bodies, bezoars, and caustic ingestion. Zargar A, et al.